The chessboard is made up of eight rows and eight columns for a total of 64 squares of alternating colors. When the board is set up it should be positioned so that a light square is positioned on the extreme lower right hand side of the chess board (as you can see, this works for both players). In photos and movies the board is often set up wrong with the dark square in the right hand corner.
The diagram at left shows how the pieces should be initially situated. When you find out how all the pieces move you will notice that the front rank is fully supported by the rank behind. The weakest spot is the square in front of the kings bishop because it is only supported by the king.
When setting up, make sure that the light queen is positioned on a light square and the dark queen is situated on a dark square. The two armies should be mirror images of one another. It is often said, "The queen takes the color."
The light or white side always moves first. This does give white a slight advantage. Each player's side of the chessboard is determined by chance or by pre-arranged tournament rules. In friendly games, one player may place a pawn in each hand and close his fists. Holding forth his fists the opposing player should pick one. The color of the pawn he chooses is the side he shall command.